A table summarizing the performance of several different bus and rail transit services around the world.
Over the past few days, I’ve been working on a new post on the Beaverton/Wilsonville Corridor, currently served by WES, and wondering what options might work to provide service for it in the future. One of the efforts of that column was a table comparing the performance of several different types of transit technologies, to help inform debates on the subject. The table appears to be sufficiently useful to merit a standalone post.
The table lists quite a few transit lines (or segments thereof), along with key attributes. Many of the examples are from Portland or elsewhere in the Northwest, but a few are taken from other parts of the world. The attributes focused on are those which most directly affect transit speed–the characteristics of the right of way (how exclusive is it), and the stop spacing. Some rather interesting systems are included on the list. The list is sorted by average speed, without regard to technology.
|Line/service||ROW type||Distance (mi)||Time (min)||Speed (mi/h)||Stops en route||Distance/stop (mi)||Payment||Comments|
|Shanghai TransRapid||Class A rail||19 (30.5 km)||8.16||139||1||19||Maglev train|
|Sounder North (Everett-Seattle)||Class A rail||51||59||51.9||3||17||Commuter rail|
|Adelaide O-Bahn Busway||Class A guided bus||7.5 (12km)||13||35||2||3.75||Onboard||Interesting concept–a busway (used by regular busses) that “guides” busses along route|
|Munich S1, Airport-Hauptbahnhof||Class A rail||25.3 (40.3 km)||45||33.7||13||1.9||Platform||S-Bahn|
|LACMTA Red Line||Class A Rail||16.4||30||32.8||13||1.26||Platform|
|WES||Class A commuter rail||14.7||27||32.7||4||3.7||Onboard|
|Sounder South (Tacoma-Seattle)||Class A rail||31||59||31.8||6||5.1||Commuter rail|
|Seattle Monorail||Class A rail||1||2||30||1||1||Platform|
|Brisbane South East Busway||Class A bus||10 (16.5km)||23||26||9||1.1||Onboard||Fully grade-separated BRT system|
|Bay Area Rapid Transit (Richmond-Daly City)||Class A rail||23||53||26||18||1.27||Platform|
|Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway, Pittsburgh PA||Class A bus||9.1||22||24.8||8||1.1||Onboard|
|MAX (CTC-Gateway)||Class A light rail||6.5||16||24.4||8||0.8||POP|
|Swift BRT (Community Transit) Everett, WA-Shoreline, WA||Class B/C+ bus||16.7||42||23.9||11||1.5||Platform|
|C-Tran Route 105||Class C express bus||15.4||40||23.1||4||3.85||Onboard|
|Canada Line||Class A rail||9 (15km)||25||21.6||12||0.75||POP||Driverless metro|
|LA Metro Orange Line||Class B bus||14||42||20||13||1.1||POP||BRT with exclusive ROW, signallized grade crossings|
|TriMet Line 12, Sherwood-downtown||Class C bus||15.2||49||18.6||Many||~0.15||Onboard|
|Las Vegas Monorail||Class A rail||3.9||13||18||6||0.65||Platform|
|MAX (Rose Quarter-Denver Ave||Class B+ light rail||4.2||15||16.8||7||0.6||POP|
|UTA MAX, Magna-Salt Lake||Class B/C+ bus||11.5||41||16.8||13||0.9||POP||Need to include at least one of the BRT systems in the US called “MAX”. Being upgraded to class B throughout.|
|EmX Green Line (Eugene-Springfield||Class B/C bus||4||15||16||10||0.4||POP||Some exclusive ROW, some mixed traffic|
|TransLink (Vancouver) 99B Line||Class C||8.1 (13km)||33||14.7||12||0.65||POP||Mixed traffic BRT|
|San Francisco Cable Cars Powell/Hyde Line||Class C rail||4.3||18||14.3||28||0.15||Onboard|
|Bus 76 (Beaverton-Tualatin)||Class C bus||10.5||45 peak||14 (peak)||Many||~0.15 (750′)||Onboard|
|Strasbourg Tram line A||Class B rail||7.5 (12.5km)||32||14||21||0.35||POP|
|TriMet Line 9, Powell TC-Downtown||Class C bus||7||33||12.7||Many||~0.15||Onboard|
|Los Angeles Metro Rapid||Class C+ Bus||18.4||90||12.3||22||0.84||POP||Mixed-traffic bus w/signal priority|
|Portland Aerial Tram||Class A aerial tram||0.6||3||12||1||0.6||Onboard||Payment only collected going uphill|
|Greater Cleveland RTA Healthline||Class B+/C+ bus||6.8||40||10.2||33||0.2||POP|
|MAX (Rose Quarter-Goose Hollow)||Class B- light rail||2.8||18||9.3||10||0.3 (1500′)||POP|
|Muni F Market & Wharves Streetcar||Class B Rail||5||35||8.6||32||0.15||POP|
|Portland Streetcar, SoWa-23rd||Class C rail||3.9||35||6.9||25||0.16||POP||1/2 of current loop|
A few notes:
- Generally, peak-hour times are used for services where that matters.
Service classes are defined as follows, inspired by this Human Transit post. In general:
- Class A services are those that only need stop at stations. This can refer to grade-separated lines (els or subways) or lines where the transit vehicle has absolute priority at grade crossings, and other vehicles (and pedestrians) are kept away from the route other than at well-marked, well-guarded points. An example of the latter is MAX in Beaverton.
- Class B services are those where transit may need to stop at crossings, but has an exclusive lane otherwise. A + is added for signal priority (which is different from the absolute priority above), a – if the line is in close proximity to parallel auto traffic or pedestrian environments.
- Class C services run in mixed traffic; a + is earned for those with signal priority or other enhancements
Rather than say anything more, I instead simply present the above table as is, and ask readers to draw their own conclusions below.